sukha-duhkhe same krtva
tato yuddhaya yujyasva
naivam papam avapsyasi
Do thou ﬁght for the sake of ﬁghting, without considering happiness or distress, loss or gain, victory or defeat – and by so doing you shall never incur sin.
Lord Krsna now directly says that Arjuna should ﬁght for the sake of ﬁghting because He desires the battle. There is no consideration of happiness or distress, proﬁt or loss, victory or defeat in the activities of Krsna consciousness. That everything should be performed for the sake of Krsna is transcendental consciousness; so there is no reaction to material activities. He who acts for his own sense gratiﬁcation, either in goodness or in passion, is subject to the reaction, good or bad. But he who has completely surrendered himself in the activities of Krsna consciousness is no longer obliged to anyone, nor is he a debtor to anyone, as one is in the ordinary course of activities. It is said:
na kinkaro nayam rni ca rajan
sarvatmana yah saranam saranyam
gato mukundam parihrtya kartam
“Anyone who has completely surrendered unto Krsna, Mukunda, giving up all other duties, is no longer a debtor, nor is he obliged to anyone – not the demigods, nor the sages, nor the people in general, nor kinsmen, nor humanity, nor forefathers.” (Bhag. 11.5.41) That is the indirect hint given by Krsna to Arjuna in this verse, and the matter will be more clearly explained in the following verses.
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