Based on Bhagavad Gita Chapter 06, Text 20
By Chaitanya Charan Das
Due to the spread of postmodernism, many people tend towards metaphysical relativism: the idea that because cultural, historical and intellectual biases distort all truth claims, absolute truths are impossible.
Biases are inherent even in systems of knowledge normally considered objective, such as modern science. Many philosophers of science have shown how the preconceptions of scientists, the paradigms of the scientific establishment and the prevailing intellectual trends of society shape the direction and destination of scientific research.
Does the prevalence of biases justify the idea that “There are no absolute truths”?
No. Because that idea is itself a claim to absolute truth. Thus, it falls squarely in the genre of other self-refuting assertions such as “I can’t speak a word in English” or “I don’t exist.”
As the rejection of absolute truths is self-contradictory, absolute truths are possible. But are they accessible? Can we go beyond our biases to access those truths?